Abstracts

An Inquiry into the Components of Distributive Justice in Human Resources from the Viewpoint of Islam

Hamed Asadollah Zadeh/ MA, IKI                                       H.asad@chmail.ir

Mojtaba Doroudi/ Assistant professor, IKI                                                                                            

Ali Rezaeyan/ Professor of Shahid Beheshti University                  h.ali.rezaian@gmail.com

Received: 2016/10/25- Accepted: 2016/03/07

Abstracts

One of the aspects of human servitude is the individual aspect and social aspect. Due to the organization`s effects in the formation of social behavior and the servitude of the human, they can be effective in promoting the social aspect of human servitude. On the other hand, the harm due to the lack of having a certain principle and orientation in the organizations` interactions, has caused inefficiency and hamper in social servitude of human. Consequently, altering the interaction of the organizations into being just, according to Islam`s just view, can prepare the ground to promote social servitude of human and also can promote the main purpose of creation. Attraction is one of the pillars of altering organization into being just. Observing organizational justice, that is also known as distributive and interactive justice, can prepare the ground for promoting these interactions in the process of attracting human resources. Using a descriptive-inferential (discretional-interpretational) method, the current study seeks to analyze the components of distributive justice in the process of attraction and considers the following components as distributive justice components; knowledge and specialized skill, mental and physical health, labor alliances, the primary features` interview, employment tests, obedience, divine piety, trusteeship, originality and relativity.

Key words: organizational justice, distributive justice, organization, attraction, human resources, Islam.


Intellectual Asset and the Role of Man from the Viewpoint of Islam

Zaher akbari / PhD student of management, IKI                          zahir.akbari@yahoo.com

Mohammad Taqi Noroozi / Assistant professor, IKI                          mtnorozi@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/10/20 - Accepted: 2016/03/01

Abstracts

Among the most important purposes of institutions are collecting, maintaining and the efficient use of intellectual assets. This study aims at analyzing the nature of intellectual asset and its privileges in comparison with physical and material asset and also human`s role in it and solutions to promote intellectual resources in Islamic sources. Using a descriptive-analytic method, this paper analyzes intellectual asset inspired by Islamic sources and Quranic verses and narrations of the infallibles. The findings show that intellectual asset has a meaningful relationship with knowledge management. Respectively, one can say that; the intellectual resource is an efficient and complete knowledge that human is its creator, processor and distributor. The advantages of intellectual asset are that they will not be lessened by distribution and generosity and it is human`s companion in his life and after his death. It will strengthen human on the plane of eternal prosperity and passing on the difficulties after death.

Key words: intellect, asset, knowledge, intellectual asset, Islam.   


Diagnosing the Components of the Culture of Basij; Based on the Supreme Leader`s Words

Ali poor Behroozan / PhD student of human resources management, Allame Tabatabaei University   

                                                                                      a.poorbehroozan@ut.ac.ir

Behzad Mohammadian / PhD student of organizational behavior, Tehran University                      

Mohammad Hossein Rahmati / Assistant professor of Pardis Farabi, Tehran University                 

Received: 2016/12/22 - Accepted: 2017/05/04                                      Mhrahmati@ut.ac.ir

Abstracts

The manifestation of Islamic goals and aspirations in all aspects of politics, economics and military etc., necessitates an advancing, powerful and authorized culture. This culture must relieve the country of the probable dangers and it must prepare the grounds for opportunities. In this regard, Basij as a remarkable organization during the imposed war and as an organization that provides the security of this country, must be analyzed based on the words of the Supreme Leader. The present study aims at diagnosing the components of the culture of Basij based on the Supreme Leader`s words. This qualitative study has an inductive approach. 19 speeches of the supreme leader among Basijies and two of his messages to the conventions of this organization by the use of content analysis method has been analyzed. The contents include: strengthening the faith, studying, prudence and management, adherence to ethics, presence in everywhere and efforts and perseverance with people.

Key words: the culture of Basij, advancing culture, presence, content analysis.


An Islamic Pattern of the Criteria of Governmental Management by Using a Rational Approach to the Theories of ((Skill)) and ((Service))

Maryam Ahoopai/ PhD student of governmental management, Allame Tabatabaei University

                                                                                          m.ahopay@yahoo.com

Fatemeh Zareei Vash/ MA of governmental management, Allameh Tabatabaei University

Received: 2016/09/25- Accepted: 2017/01/24                                    zareivash@gmail.com

Abstracts

Governmental management theories like other disciplines, are originated from certain philosophical presuppositions that might differ in an Islamic society. Skill and Service are two views that are posed recently in organizational management and each has different presuppositions and judgements. They have established fundamental basis of modern governmental management theories and modern public service management. Using ((Nahj al-Balaghah)) teachings, this study aims at analyzing the modern Islamic governmental management criteria with an adaptive approach to the two posed criteria. Adaptively, this paper analyzes; the way each theory views human, human`s behavior exciting motives, individual and public interests, accountability, the original and client`s identity, people`s participation, the purpose and tool of each theory. At last, considering Nahj al-Balaghah, this study has presented a comprehensive pattern for each these criteria.

Key words: governmental management, the theory of Skill, the theory of Service, Islamic overall pattern.


The Concepts of Organizations` Well-Being-Oriented Decision-Making Based on the Principle of ((No Injury))

Sina Osare Nejad Dezfouli/ BA student of Islamic Theology and culture and communications,
     Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) University                                                                         ‌‌sina.asareh716@gmail.com

Mohammad Mahdi Bigdeli/ MA student of Islamic Theology and management, Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) University

Ahmad Ali Ghane`/ Associate professor of Fiqh and principles, Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) University

Received: 2016/09/13- Accepted: 2017/01/23

Abstracts

In management schools, decision-making is based on well-being, and this is done to avoid injury. One of the problems in this field, is the lack of correct meaning of well-being and injury in thoughts. In the western management schools this point is originated from their materialistic view to human, knowledge and the universe. Consequently, inappropriate decisions are made for human in organizations. These decisions, however consider the good aspect of life, considering the good in the hereafter, we come to the conclusion that they merely consider the material aspect of life. Unlike the western ideologies, Islam believes that man has two dimensions: spiritual and physical. Human`s well-being and injury are defined in these two dimensions and all the decision makings must be based on these two dimensions. Using a Itjitahi method seeks to describe the appropriate decision-making from the view point of Islam. This paper believes that the decision is appropriate that is based on the spiritual aspect of life; because in this case all the physical expediencies of man are met.

Key words: decision making, material well-being, spiritual well-being, the principle of no injury, material harm, spiritual harm.


Islamic Organizational Citizenship Behavior
in Public and Private Organizations

Mohsen Zabihi Chamkhaneh/ PhD student of management, Tehran University                              

                                                                                  MohsenEzabihi@gmail.com

Ali Naghi Amiri/ Associate professor, Tehran University                         Anamiri@ut.ac.ir

Received: 2016/12/12 - Accepted: 2017/05/02

Abstracts

Religion of Islam has much emphasized on observance of ethical issues in business and work environment, but the topic is under consideration unfortunately. The type of organizations (Public or Private), impose the requirements on them that this can affect employee's behavior. Therefore, in this paper the use of Islamic Organizational Citizenship Behavior (IOCB) in two public and private banks in city of Tehran is investigated. 5 branches of public banks (62 employees) and 4 branches of private banks (62 employees) are research samples. The data collection method is questionnaire and in order to set the questions in the questionnaire (32 indicator), the research literature is studied. The findings show, the use of 12 IOCB indicators in the private banks and 5 IOCB indicators in the public banks are more common; compared together. In 15 indicators; the hypothesis of means equality is not confirmed.

Keywords: Islamic Organizational Citizenship Behavior, IOCB, organizational citizenship behavior, private bank, public bank.