Abstracts

The Leadership Model of Imam Khomeini

Abutaleb Khedmati / assistant professor of management, research center of Hawzah and University        Akhedmaty@rihu.ac.ir

Aliaqa piruz / assistant professor and the head of department of Islamic management,

research center of Islamic Culture and Thought                                                  A.pirooz@iict.ac.ir

Received: 2016/07/08 - Accepted: 2017/01/01

Abstracts

Many theories have been proposed From Management Theorists about leadership and each of them tries to present a theory according to which the people who have the responsibility as leaders achieve great success. Without doubt, Imam Khomeini is one of the successful national leaders; he gained an international reputation and succeeded through his tremendous spiritual influence to stage a revolution and make a dramatic change in Iran. The main Problem of this paper is to expound Imam Khomeini’s leadership style on a national level. The research is based on the hypothesis that Imam Khomeini is a popular leader and the features that characterize his actions are theocentrism and insight. The Method used in the research is based on (naql) transmission and (‘aql) intellectual reasoning. In this "qualitative" method, the analysis and interpretation of texts and documents is based on Imam Khomeini’s sayings and writings and on the reminiscences narrated by others about him. Three components, namely insight, theocentrism and popularity can be inferred from the intellectual, theoretical and practical foundations of Imam Khomeini, and the conceptual relations between these components help understand the model of his leadership on a national level. According to this model, Imam Khomeini is considered to enjoy three components: insight, attitude, behavior, and instances of some behavioral manifestations are cited regarding Imam’s popularity as a leader.

 Key words: leadership, servant, insight, theocentrism, popular.


A Step towards Jihadi Management

Mohsen Manteqi / Assistant professor at IKI                                           manteghi@qabas.net

Received: 2016/03/30 - Accepted: 2016/12/26

Abstracts

The management method in Muslim community should be formed in accordance with the Islamic beliefs and values ​​. The present paper seeks to provide a working procedure for a better management of organizations on the basis of Islamic beliefs. The method used in this study is applic, in terms of the objectives, and qualitative in terms of the data that is based on library sources. Moreover, it is a descriptive study which is intended to describe a subject, not to analyze or discover the causes. Using an interpretative- analytical method, this paper makes use of Islamic sources to confirm the research findings. In this study, according to the classification of the science of management, the factors affecting jihadi management can be identified and confirmed by religious documents. Therefore, Jihadi management has the features of a system. The research results indicate that jihadi management is a system which has three basic components. The organization's mission and existential philosophy are determined first, and then the ground for the fulfillment of goals is prepared. Finally, a value system is developed and its components form the behavioral and cultural framework of managers. The components of this system can shape the behavior of Jihadi managers, so that the organizations in Muslim society may be established in accordance with the local and religious conditions.

Key words: management, jihadi management, flexible system, rigid system.


A Framework for the Accountability of Administrative System;
a Look at the Letter 53 in "Nahj al-Balagha"

Abdullah Tavakoli / Assistant professor at University and Hawzah Research Center

Received: 2016/04/17 - Accepted: 2016/09/03                                                      atavakkoli@rihu.ac.ir

Abstracts

As a logical and rational issue, the question of the accountability of administrative system, state institutions and managers has long been the special concern of experts. However, despite the fluctuations that occur in different periods, the way of ensuring accountability and its types and frameworks go through an evolutionary process. Meanwhile, despite the differences between them in the details, the theories about Public management, which evolve the theoretical discussions on this subject, emphasize on the accountability of Public managers, institutions and administrative system to the legislator and the accountability of administrators and legislators to the public. Using an "analytical-descriptive" method, which is based on the text of research, the paper reviews the letter 53 in "Nahj al-Balagha" as a state text for developing a framework for the accountability of the administrative system. The research findings suggest that in addition to the entity of accountability, the major framework for the accountability of administrative system consists of three components: reason, function and reference of accountability. Obviously, there is a substantial difference between these frameworks and the techniques and methods of accountability.

Key words: accountability, macro framework, administrative system, state management, the letter 53 "Nahj al-Balagha".


The Assessment Methods of Public Policy with an Islamic Approach

Mohammad Reza Rahimi / PhD student of Management, IKI                        r.rahimi42@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/07/12 - Accepted: 2016/11/24

Abstracts

 Assessing public policy has a key role in the management of public affairs and contributes to providing a sound Logic for dealing with them. Assessment can play this role only if it is carried out by using appropriate and efficient methods. In the current literature of public policy, some assessment methods have been developed, but no attempts have been made to develop an Islamic approach in this respect. The present study seeks to cast light on the methods for assessing public policy with an Islamic approach by referring to the holy Quran and using "inferential- analytical" method .The results show that there are six types of methods for assessing public policy.

Key words: public policy, evaluation of public policy, Islamic approach, assessment methods.


The Competencies for Holding Managerial Positions in Islamic System, with Emphasis on Quranic Verses and Traditions

Javad Agha Mohammadi / PhD student of Educational Management, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran                                                                                                                     javad_am_59@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/08/26 - Accepted: 2017/01/07

Abstracts

Management principles and methods are among the important issues. Every nation can achieve true happiness in light of an efficient and effective management. The traditional and new research works on management are based on the paradigm of profit and increase in production. Despite the success which the western world has achieved in this regard, management still suffers from numerous and acute problems, such as the one-dimensional approach it adopts and inattention to spirituality. Therefore, the present paper seeks to study the merits and Competencies for holding managerial positions in Islamic system by emphasizing on Quranic verses and traditions. Using a descriptive-analytical method, the paper makes use of library sources to collect and examine the data. Islamic teachings and reliable sources and texts constitute the theoretical basis of this study. The findings of the present research show that, according to reliable texts and invaluable sources, such as the Quran and Nahj al-Balagha,  the requisites for holding  managerial positions in Islamic system include: faith in the Almighty, moral and religious education, tolerance, accountability, seeking guidance from others to achieve happiness, affection, law abidingness, keeping away from  egocentrism and lawlessness, justice-centeredness and fighting against injustice, fine  reputation, foresight, expertise, moderation and maintenance of economic discipline.

Key words: qualification, management, Islamic management, value-centeredness, features of managers.


The Relationship between Islamic Values,
Organizational Citizenship Behavior With Moderating role of work conscientiousness

Afsaneh Mohammadnia, PhD Student of management of human resources, Islamic Azad University of Kerman     Afsanehmohamadnia@yahoo.com

Azadeh Mohammad Sharifi / MA at agricultural Engineering       kermandarman@yahoo.com

Ayub Sheikhi / Assistant Professor at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman

Received: 2016/07/26 - Accepted: 2016/12/07

Abstracts

The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between Islamic values, organizational citizenship behavior and work conseientiousness. The statistical population consists of 256 employees of the social services for health care in the province of Kerman. The sample includes 153 participants chosen by using "simple random" sampling. After considering the factors of the three questionnaires, 32 questions were asked to collect the data. In this study, the structural relations model was used for analyzing the data. For confirming the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, "content validity" and "Cronbach's alpha coefficient" were used. Their coefficients are as follow: The questionnaire on "Islamic values": 0/846; Costa and Mac Cry’s 16- item questionnaire on "work conseientiousness ": 92/0; and "Podsakoff and colleagues' questionnaire on organizational citizenship behavior (1990): 89/0. «AMOS» statistical software was used for analyzing the data, testing the hypothesis and making other analyses of this study. The results show that there is a significant relationship between Islamic values and work ethic. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between work conseientiousness and organizational citizenship behavior. On the other hand, the significant relationship between Islamic values ​​and organizational citizenship behavior shown in this study confirms the role which work conseientiousness plays.

Key words: Islamic values, organizational citizenship behavior, work conseientiousness.