Abstracts

 

Analysis and Criticism of the Anthropological and Axiological Orientations of new Public Management

Mohammad Reza Rahimi

Abstract

New Public management has developed as a reaction to the deficiencies of the traditional pattern of Public management. Based on special anthropological and axiological orientation drawn from "rational choice theory", this pattern has brought about important changes in the field of Public management. Observing the achievements of private sector management clearing up the problems of bureaucracy, specialists in government management considered all the objectives and principles of private sector as the objectives and principles of government management. Consequently after a time, the so called real successes of implementing the principles of new public management, the lamentable outcomes and the corruptions resulting from implementing these principles caused these successes to be forgotten. Using an analytical- descriptive method and supporting the idea that man's behavior is dependent on his presuppositions and basic values, the present paper concludes that the main cause of the aforementioned question lies in the way new Public management views the man's nature, goals, and values.

Key words: new public management, anthropological orientation, axiological orientation, independence of behavior on beliefs.

 

 

The Role of the Seminary in the Cultural Policy-Making in the Islamic Republic System of Iran: the Present Situation, and the Ideal Situation

Mohammad Hassan Ja'fari

Abstract

One of the important and disputable issues in scientific debates is the question of cultural policy-making. Government, political groups, nonpolitical institutions, the elite, and populace are the main factors which influence policy-making. Furthermore, culture is considered to consist of four levels – beliefs, values, behavior, and symbols. In view of the ideological fundamentals, cultural policy-making in Islamic republic system has a fundamental and central role. On the other hand, the Seminary is regard as an important and effective institution in the Islamic system. The present paper investigates the role of the Seminary in the cultural policy-making in the present situation and the ideal situation. The research findings show that in the present situation, the major part of the seminary in the field of cultural policy-making is performed by actual people who have been trained in the Seminary, and the level of its influence is mainly on the deep levels of culture. But in the hoped-for or ideal situation attention should be directed to the influence of the Seminary as an independent policy-making institution in cultural policy-making and at all levels of culture.

Key words: Policy-making, Culture, The Seminary, Islamic Republic System, Levels of Culture the Factors Which influence Policy –making.

 

 

The Future Study;
the Future Necessity of Cultural and Scientific Studies

Mohsen Manteghi

Abstract

The changes of scientific, social, and cultural phenomena are so rapid that they have brought about new challenges to the organizations. In the past, the managers of organizations tried to control the changes to reap the benefits through traditional and strategic planning. However, the turbulent environment led to the failure of their plans. "Future studies" is one of the new disciplines which can help the organizations to take the right decisions. Through Future Study, intellectual managers acquire knowledge about the future by analyzing the events and making use of creativity and genius. This kind of knowledge enables the managers to have a clear view of the future in the form of probable future, possible future, and ideal future and be able to better manage the organization by constructing several scenarios.

Using an analytical-descriptive approach, the present paper expounds the elementary concepts of Future Study to point out to the development of this discipline and its difference from similar concepts.

Key words: Future Study, foresight, planning, scenario.

 

 

Good Governance: A brief introduction and Criticism

Mohammad Mahdi Nadiri

Abstract

Nowadays, the question of "good governance" is the special concern of scientific circles. This issue was introduced for the first time by the World Bank by the end of the year 1980. Having failed to implement in some countries the reform policies or Washington Consensus, the World Bank realized that since the governments of the mentioned countries had not enjoyed necessary qualifications, they did not succeed in implementing the prescriptions of the World Bank and liberating the prices. In other words, the acceptance and implementation of the reform policies and the prescriptions of the World Bank needs a government which does not exist in these countries. In fact, this was the first stage of the development of the idea of "good governance". This question was discussed in 1996 in "The World Development Report" in a chapter entitled "From Plan to Market". Then, in 1997, the question how to achieve a "good state" was discussed in a report entitled" the Role of Government in the Changing World". Hence, although the economic factor was very influential in the development of this idea, the close relationship of this idea with the issues related to government management should not be ignored due to the important role played by the government in this respect. In fact, the main features of what is today called "good governance" are: accountability and the right of thought, political stability and absence of violence, effectiveness of government, the regulatory nature, rule of law, and controlling corruption.

Key words: governance, good governance, indicators of good governance, approaches towards the role of government.

 

 

Power Distance according to
the Culture of the Society Governed by Imam Mahdi

Wahid 'Uqi

Abstract

It is necessary to know the aspects shared by different societies in order to understand the cultural differences between them. Sociologists have tried to identify the aspects shared by the different societies through theoretical reasoning, field work studies, and statistical studies. The findings of these studies culminated in establishing some theories on issues concerned with the cultural aspects. One of the most important studies in this field is Hofstede's dimensional pattern which seeks to understand the various aspects of national culture. Hofsted identifies five common dimensions shared by societies, which are as follows: power distance, individualism-collectivism, masculinity-femininity, avoiding ambiguity, and long term-short term orientation. The way these categories are viewed contributes to identifying the cultural differences. Due to the importance of this issue in cultural planning and because it has not been dealt with in Islamic studies, the researcher tries, through a descriptive analysis, to introduce each of these dimensions to the international society governed by Imam Mahdi which will witness the realization of all Islamic values. These findings can be a basis for cultural studies and planning. The present paper investigates "power distance" as one of Hosfstede's five-fold dimensions.

Key words: culture, national culture, Islamic culture, the society governed by Imam Mahdi, power distance.

 

 

A Review of Encouragement
in Creating Motivation from a Qur'anic Viewpoint

'Abd al-Rahim Akhlaqi

Abstract

In order to define agreeable life and making known the way to attain it, the glorious Qur'an uses different methods to motivate man to achieve the goal. "Encouragement" is one of the important ways of stimulating man to achieve agreeable life and achieve the hoped-for goal. Concerning the words and expressions used to encourage man, those who are encouraged, encouragers and incentives, devices of encouragement, and various kinds of rewards offered to those who deserve praise, are among the devices of encouragement used in the Qur'an. It seems that the common feature of such devices of encouragement which are explained in different ways is that they have a motivating impact. The present paper expounds the aforementioned issue in the light of the verses of the Holy Qur'an through a descriptive-analytical method.

Key words: creating motivation, motivation, encouragement, method.

 

 

The Hierarchy of Legislation in the Islamic Administrative System with Emphasis on the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mojtaba doroodi

Abstract

Since during the occultation period the Islamic system has to be based on the theory of Welayat-e Faqih (guardianship of jurist) and the legitimacy of all its branches be authorized by wali-e faqih ( legal guardian jurist), the political system of Islam can be regarded as a basis for the administrative system. If the administrative system continues to be in harmony and consistent with the political system of Islam, this correlation and connection will be invulnerable. The Islamic system was founded on this theory in Iran, and sometimes, due to disharmony and inconsistency between these two systems serious challenges and even crises will arise in the management of the affairs. The present paper expounds one of the mechanisms for maintaining such harmony, namely, "hierarchy of legislation in Islamic administrative system". The article makes use of the Qur'an commentary, certain Qur'anic verses, traditions, and the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran.

Key words: law, administrative system, the Constitution, ontological lordship, legislative lordship.


Graduate from Seminary & P.hd Student Management IKI. / R.rahimi42@yahoo.com

Received: 2011/3/5 - Accepted: 2011/7/1

Graduate from Seminary & PhD student of Management, IKI. / Gafari@qabas.net

Received: 2011/5/7- Accepted: 2011/8/10

Graduate from Seminary & Faculty Member, IKI. / Manteghi@qabas.net

Received: 2011/5/2 - Accepted: 2011/8/13

Graduate from Seminary & Faculty Member, IKI / Naderi@qabas.net

Received: 2011/6/6- Accepted: 2011/8/14

Graduate from Seminary & MA in management, a member of Islamic management work group of IKI. / Vahid.oghi@gmail.com

 Received: 2011/4/27 - Accepted: 2011/7/3

Graduate from Seminary & MA in management / Eakhlagi@yahoo.com

Received: 2011/5/11 - Accepted: 2011/7/6

Graduate from Seminary & Faculty Member, IKI. / Nashrieh@qabas.net

Received: 2011/6/23- Accepted: 2011/8/30


In the Name of Allah

Islām va Pazhūheshhāye Modirīyatī Vol.1, No.1

A Quarterly Journal of Management Summer 2011

 

 

Table of Contents

Analysis and Criticism of the Anthropological and Axiological Orientations of new Public Management / Mohammad Reza Rahimi

The Role of the Seminary in the Cultural Policy-Making in the Islamic Republic System of Iran: the Present Situation, and the Ideal Situation / Mohammad Hassan Ja'fari

The Future Study;the Future Necessity of Cultural and Scientific Studies / Mohsen Manteghi

Good Governance: A brief introduction and Criticism / Mohammad Mahdi Nadiri

Power Distance according to the Culture of the Society Governed by Imam Mahdi / Wahid 'Uqi

A Review of Encouragement in Creating Motivation from a Qur'anic Viewpoint / Abd al-Rahim Akhlaqi

The Hierarchy of Legislation in the Islamic Administrative System with Emphasis on the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran / Mojtaba doroodi

Director-in-charge:IKI

Managing Director: Mohammad Taqi Norozi

Editor in Chief:Mohsen Manteghi

Translation of Abstracts: Language Department of IKI.

 

 

Editorial Board:

Aliagha Piroz: Faculty Member, The Culture and Thought research Center

Abdullah Tavakoli: Faculty Member, The seminary and university Research center.

Mojtaba Doroodi: Faculty Member, IKI.

Ali Rezaiyan: Professor,Beheshti University.

Abas Kabi: Assistant Professor, IKI

Mohsen Mantegi: Faculty Member, IKI.

Hasan Aghanazari: Associate Professor,The seminary and university Research center.

Mohammad Taqi Norozi: Assistant Professor, IKI.

Mohammad Mahdi Naderi: Faculty Member, IKI.

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